- Cystoscopy involves scoping of the lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra) of dogs. It involves the use of rigid endoscope in females and flexible endoscope in males.
- The animal is placed under anesthesia and the bladder is filled with sterile saline and distended so that the scope may enter.
- Cystoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic to further investigate ureteral, bladder or urethral abnormalities.
- Cystoscopy allows visualization of the urethra and bladder under magnification, which will allow the internist to discern subtle changes.
- No external incisions are required and the animal may possibly be able to go home the same day with minimal to no discomfort.
- Cystoscopy is an excellent modality for diagnosing ureteral abnormalities such as ectopic ureters, bladder abnormalities such as chronic urinary tract infections, bladder polyps and tumors, and bladder stones, and urethral abnormalities such as urethral stones, urethral tumors, and urethral strictures.
- Typically the patient can go home the same evening or may need to stay one evening.
- Minimal discomfort is associated with the procedure and the pet can resume normal activity following the procedure.