- Endoscopy involves the use of a flexible fiberoptic scope passed through the mouth to evaluate the esophagus, stomach, small intestines, and colon.
- The animal is placed under anesthesia and air and water are used through the scope to distend the esophagus, stomach and intestines to obtain better visualization.
- A channel through the endoscope allows us to obtain small 2-4mm pinch biopsies.
- Endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic to obtain biopsies of the intestinal tract.
- Endoscopy is an excellent modality for minimally invasive foreign body removal from the esophagus and stomach.
- With endoscopy, there is only minimal gas discomfort which typically passes within 6-8 hours. There are no external incisions or sutures.
Types of Endoscopic Studies
- There are several different types of endoscopic studies which can be performed based on the location of the scoping. The veterinary internist is skilled in determining which location is appropriate for your pet based on the presenting problem
- Esophagoscopy - scoping of the esophagus. Typically requires 12 hour fast (no food), however water can be given free choice.
- Gastroscopy - scoping of the stomach. Typically requires 12 hour fast (no food), however water can be given free choice.
- Gastroduodenoscopy - scoping of the stomach and first part of the small intestines. Typically requires 12 hour fast (no food), however water can be given free choice.
- Colonoscopy - scoping of the entire colon. Typically requires a 24-48 hour fast (no food), and a colon cleansing process which includes enemas. Water can be given free choice.
- Proctosocopy - scoping of the last portion of the colon. Typically requires a 12 hour fast (no food), and 2-3 enemas prior to the procedure. Water can be given free choice.
- Typically the patient will need to stay one night following the procedure.
- Minimal discomfort is associated with the procedure and the pet can resume normal activity following the procedure.